The future of geographic information systems in Russiawhere Kuryshev
A few years ago (in 2016-17 g) participants in a similar review noted that the Russian market of geographic information systems (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) is still at an early stage
formation. What has changed over the years and the impact on the industry coronavirus crisis? We discussed with industry experts.
Slowly, but still forward?
Oleg GOLOVKO (“LANIT-Integration”):”Pause or slowdown in business activity for three to six months in winter-spring period could be a critical factor for a number of companies working in sphere of services of GIS and remote sensing”.
First Deputy managing Director of the company “LANIT-Integration” Oleg GOLOVKO believes that the claim of the early stage of development of the domestic market of GIS and remote sensing does not reflect
reality. Currently, the country is widely sought after as industry GIS products in the form of 2D and 3D terrain models and objects, and associated application software.
Professionals use GIS and remote sensing for the design, evaluation the actual state of objects, maintaining of all kinds of cadastres and registers, navigation. Individuals use navigators and other
Another thing, said Mr. Golovko, that in the domestic market of spatial data and models is dominated by foreign players. They supply equipment for data collection
specialized software and the original data themselves, but local companies often act only as intermediaries in the chain of resales. He also reminded that the current
the time is still not formed a national grouping of satellites for satellite imagery (so-called remote sensing, remote sensing) high-resolution meets modern
the requirements of industry customers.
It is also clear that a pandemic is clearly not conducive to improving the situation. At the same time, it is too early to assess the impact of the crisis, because it’s not over yet, says Mr. Golovko.
Dmitry DOBROVOLSKY (“Mine”):”In fact, over the last three or four years the number of publicly available sources of remote sensing data has increased significantly”.
CEO of “Mine” Dmitry DOBROVOLSKY said that if before a beautiful picture of Google and “Yandex” were something strange, today remote sensing is the usual information
available for all people owning a computer and using the card. Moreover, it is not only satellite or specialized aircraft equipped with powerful optics, but also with
using more simple devices: almost like a toy quadcopters easily cope with this task.
Mr. Dobrovolsky emphasizes improving the quality of the images, their high information content and convenience of the digital format, all of which allows to carry out layer-by-layer comparison of the old data with new
and to understand the differences. For the implementation of the last task to meet modern GIS has already found application in the national economy: among them as a local database for some regions (e.g., the IP
for urban activities in every major city), and the system at the Federal level (in particular, the public cadastral map of Rosreestr).
When this data becomes increasingly available, said Mr. Dobrovolsky. In the future, all modern large services will use the geographic information system for the maintenance of its facilities:
for example, this is especially important for activities of Russian Railways, Rosavtotrans and other structures. Some of them are already developing their own GIS. So in the next 10 years this segment will only
to grow, I’m sure Mr. Dobrovolsky.
However, the current pandemic have slowed the development of the industry, throwing her in a year or two ago, he said. The fact that the main consumers of GIS and remote sensing in Russia – state customers and
large enterprises, and they have had to freeze most of the projects and reallocate funding to the most necessary. Be only critical orders related to
mostly with extreme situations: for example, monitoring forest fires and flood situation, people search. That is no more than 15% of all orders at the usual time, concludes g-n Dobrovolsky.
Andrey PIROGOV (“View”):”Perhaps the past three years was for market GIS more interesting than the previous 10 years. Like all life in Russia, they were filled and the positive and negative”.
The head of the marketing group JSC “RAKURS” Andrey PIROGOV offers once again to ask the question: what is the market for GIS today? And not only in Russia but in the world? Does it exist
in General as a separate segment of the IT industry? After all, to determine the degree of its maturity, it is necessary to understand what should be included in this concept. In contrast to remote sensing, GIS market, more and more
soluble in other niches, whether it’s the digitalization of agriculture, territorial development, marketing, design, FINTECH, navigation, etc. the Company deeper into the specifics of their
industries. Teams ready to undertake any project, where there is mention of GIS, not more, stressed Mr. Pies. To understand the dynamics of conditional GIS market in such circumstances is difficult, and
deeper Analytics that IT areas no one does. One thing is clear: the role of geospatial data, regardless of card it is, addresses, satellite images or navigation tracks, growing,
and very rapidly, he concludes.
In turn, the market RS are also occurring global processes. Thus, according to the project GISGeo, revenue players shows that the growth of this segment are provided solely by
unmanned aircraft, and remote sensing data characterized by falling. “ERS market essentially monopolized – the revenue share of the five leaders on it reaches 70%, while the share of three leaders of the segment of the UAV –
80%”, – said Mr. Pie.
“To assess the impact of the crisis in figures difficult. Since cartography and geodesy are vital sectors for the country, the work they do not stop,” – he concluded.
Julia KRASOVSKA (Technoserv):”the Russian market of GIS and remote sensing continues its rapid growth. The crisis associated with the pandemic coronavirus, have had on it negative influence.”
Director of Department for work with the Federal Executive bodies of the company “Technoserv” Julia KRASOVSKA notes the special interest of the authorities in this area.
In particular, in April the government submitted to the state Duma a draft law introducing legal standards for private operators of GIS in the relevant information act.
Of particular interest
Any dynamically developing market annually acquires successful technologies and services. It is rarely about revolutionary breakthroughs, but sometimes even old ideas in a new wrapper attract
attention and initiated an important stage of development. What attracted the participants of over the last couple of years?
Oleg GOLOVKO (“LANIT-Integration”):”the Highest dynamics of development in the sphere of work with spatial data today shows laser scanning technology”.
Oleg GOLOVKO (“LANIT-Integration”) notes that a significant reduction in the weight and dimensions of a laser scanner in parallel with increasing frequency of radiation do these devices the most promising
the primary means of collecting and updating data, and the emergence of new software tools to process quickly expands the range of use cases. You must understand, he says that the last
20-30 years of our planet’s surface, topography – little interest entities. Laser scanning today is used to solve specific industry challenges, in particular
estimation of transport, energy, housing and other linearly extended infrastructure simulation and yield forecasting in agricultural, forest inventories,
objective monitoring of construction, monitoring of landfills of communal waste and environmental damage, evaluation of consequences of emergency situations, etc.
The second area where there has been a qualitative leap, – unmanned aerial vehicles. Their use as a carrier of remote sensing equipment dramatically reduces the cost of collecting primary
spatial data that shows the advantages of these devices compared to traditional technologies, said Mr. Golovko. All Analytics services spatial data and object models
primarily aimed at implementing effective infrastructure management of industrial, natural resource, socio-cultural clusters. “These industries are interested in
spatial-technical condition monitoring of objects at all stages of the life cycle, but little interest in the cards, even if submitted in electronic form,” sums up
Andrey PIROGOV (“View”): “in Recent years has been quite fruitful for Russian companies. There are new solutions in the field of processing and analysis of GEODATA”.
Andrey PIROGOV (“VIEW”) says that interesting solutions were presented by many companies, but he especially would like to acknowledge the service of 2GIS “2GIS Analytics”, “Geoalert” system
recognition of buildings, Everpoint web-GIS NextGIS EverGISonline and c the mapping ToolBox. Moreover, you should pay attention to the processes of mergers, which ultimately will affect
on the market technology and services. Of course, the most important was the recent takeover of 2GIS “Sberbank”, said Mr. Pie. And also the start of national project “Digital economy
Russian Federation”, where the key place is given to the service and state Corporation “Roscosmos” before the first task is to build the ecosystem of a single electronic cartographic base (ECO) on the basis of
high resolution aerial photography, and before the second – to implement the project “Digital Earth” based on satellite imagery data.
Anton CHEKHONIN (“NORBIT”):”Special attention is given artificial intelligence in GIS that identifies, recognizes, and compares a variety of objects, and suggests, predicts, models situations and their possible solutions”.
General Director of “NORBIT” Anton CHEKHONIN among the technologies used in GIS, distributed computing notes, which allow you to tap into the immense computing power without
binding to a specific information system, that enables faster and cheaper to process huge amounts of data, especially photos. Thanks to the rapid development of the Internet and related
technology each year increases the speed of raw data processing and results in the desired customer format.
As an example, Mr. Chekhonin tells about the joint project of companies “NORBIT” and “Mine” – application for the classification of GEODATA. The cooperation is aimed at elimination of violations in the sphere
urban planning and land legislation and, as a consequence, to increase the tax base. The new solution allows to automatically determine the coordinates of the structures filmed by drones.
Comparing it with the data of the cadastral registries, with high precision reveals violations. “Developed a machine learning model recognizes over 80% of all buildings and structures regardless of the time
of the year” – explains g-n Chekhonin. Currently testing this software and hardware complex are held on the territory of special economic zone “Technopolis Moscow”.
(To be continued)
geoinformation technologies, GIS
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