What year? (Part III)Eugene Kuryshev | 25.03.2020
(The end. In the beginning IT News No. 01-02/2020)
Era of it-monopolies
Monopolies running the show. The it world is no exception. Today, entire segments of the it industry (and not only it) depend on the products and services giants, such as Google, Amazon, etc. whether
consider the situation a real issue? If Yes, then how to solve it?
Pavel Anokhin (HP Inc.) believes that the risk of monopolization in the segment of consumer and commercial devices is minimal. In this market there are a number of major
players that promotes competition and prevents the formation of monopolies.
Anton Fomin (“marvel-Distribution”):”Without global corporations, which are themselves driven by the progress, things were developing more slowly”.
Anton Fomin (“marvel-Distribution”) also considers this problem far-fetched, as most of the market these same corporations created. At the moment they have money to invest
in globalization and R&D. it is Obvious that a small company can’t afford to spend $12 billion on the development of their own site, as it does, say, Netflix.
Nicholas Marin (IBM) believes that using open source software in any cloud environments, is today perhaps the most effective mechanism
to ensure the development and availability of skilled young it personnel, to reduce the risk of short to proprietary technologies and to lay the Foundation for the success of digital transformation. It is important that
a hybrid cloud environment successful work for business, just in case if they are based on open standards. This allows software developers to create applications once and run them in
any cloud from any vendor.
George Kozelets (OCS Distribution):”for Many years there was a monopoly of Intel and Microsoft, until along came the smartphones, which have long been dominated by other players”.
George Kozelets (OCS Distribution) gives another example of how monopolies follow each other: Cisco won nearly all competitors, until, with the support of the Chinese government, not
are the giants Huawei and ZTE, with whom we now, in turn, is fighting the us government. “But Russia should start to worry: Sberbank, Rostelecom, Russian technologies, Mail.ru Group and
Yandex is not a monopoly, but the redistribution of the market secured,” – believes g-n Kozelets.
Andrei Ershov (Technoserv):”Any large company would like to monopolize your market”.
Andrei Ershov (“the company”) believes that such monopolization just can’t be eternal. Will definitely have a competitor – if not at the level of a particular country, then, for example, in the States
Asia. The line of conduct chosen US in terms of pressure on the competitors, will only hasten these events. The situation with Huawei and its active development in our market can be a good example. Besides
the same energetic position of regulators in the field of import substitution helps domestic business compete with foreign companies. “For the Russian cloud providers was a turning point in 2018.
If they are dry lost global providers of IaaS/PaaS, the Roskomnadzor blocking foreign IP addresses has forced many to migrate to the Russian clouds”, – said Mr. Ershov.
“The law of sovereign Runet” and the penalties for non-compliance regarding the storage of personal data in the country will only reinforce this trend. By the way, in Russia on the it market too
giant companies, which is practically a monopoly, Yandex, “Kaspersky Lab”, recalls Mr. Ershov.
Boris Shcherbakov (Dell Technologies):”the Problem is real and applies not only to the segments of the IT industry, but also to personal data of users who are a valuable asset.”
Boris Shcherbakov (Dell Technologies) is confident that it is unlikely that this problem can be solved administratively: rather, it decides the appearance of competitors, and alternative proposals. But
accurate predictions here to give is not seen as possible.
Anton Chekhonin (“NORBIT”):”This problem has been widely discussed in the United States. Indeed, the market situation, major players have not only a huge market force, but also almost limitless financial capacity to buy any potential competitor – just think of the amount of purchases WhatsApp, Skype and smaller companies.”
Anton Chekhonin (“NORBIT”) said that a number of politicians proposes radical solution to the problem of forced crushing of the it giants into a number of small companies, as it once was
made with Standard Oil. He believes that the it market is not exceptional: in many markets at a certain point of maturity appear 2-3 players that hold significant market share. Known
cases where excessive government regulation led to the departure of market players and limit competition. It so happened that it the market went on the same way: larger companies
anticipating future trends and has managed to take significant market share. Neither one of these companies is not yet a monopolist in a wide range of technologies. For example, Microsoft, with
huge market share in the segment of desktop OS, lost the competition in the segment of mobile devices Google. And Google in turn loses Amazon and Microsoft cloud technologies. With
the other hand, technology is also a commodity, albeit peculiar. The same FMCG manufacturers have fairly high requirements for the quality of their products, ways of interaction
with customers and retailers and so on. “overall, the state is finding a balance between creating incentives for innovation, create new products and new niches, competition
and protect these innovations by providing opportunities for the free movement of capital” – sums up Mr. Chekhonin.
Vitaly Balanda (Reksoft):”the Lack of regulation can lead to deterioration of the conditions of competition and, consequently, to the deterioration and rise in the cost of goods and services for end-users.”
Vitaly Balanda (Reksoft) notes that there are instances as a rule, do not fit the classic definition of monopolies. For example, Apple has a small market share of smartphones
Google gets paid for advertising that is unlimited in supply and free to users, Amazon is selling the goods in the amount significantly lower than the offline retailers in General, and
Facebook bought Instagram when it had only 30 million users. “Thus, we need regulation, and consistent between States, taking into account the new realities and modern
business models, platforms and aggregators,” said Mr. gruel.
Ivan Schetinin (HPE):”Monopolies antitrust Agency does, and we see that it works.”
Ivan Schetinin (HPE) recalls that the modern world is very interconnected. If before the final product could make one master (I mined the ore, smelted the iron, made
horseshoe and sold it as a finished product), now, perhaps, in the world there is not one company that I had all the expertise for the manufacture of its it products full cycle.
Modern supply chains stretched around the world. However, the alternative is to be really competitive, oriented at the world market and have relevant
characteristics. “In all countries with a strong it industry, we see a significant role of the state in several areas: 1) goal-setting, establishing ambitious but realistic goals; 2)
financial support (as direct – taxes, investment and guaranteed demand, combined with price preferences); 3) legal support (laws on local
data, certification, etc); 4) the creation of a comfortable environment, so it was convenient to work in this country”, – said Mr. Shchetinin.
The future of it education: online vs offline
The field of online education in the field of it is developing especially quickly. Regularly held webinars, new courses and even the it Academy. Classical it education in state
Universities against the background of such a market of abundance looks not so attractive. However, the problem with the backlog of University programs from reality for a long time. What do you think about this
the participants of the review?
Yulia Shikova (“Networking Academy LANIT”),”Changes in the it industry happen faster than the University is able to develop and approve a new program.”
Director of training center “Networking Academy LANIT” (ha cheeks) Yulia Shikova notes that the penetration of it into all areas of business raises the need for it professionals focused on
specific subject areas this complicates the training of future professionals. So there are online schools and courses, and companies to create their own educational platform and start
the page program. However, without higher education, they are ineffective. Courses, as a rule, students receive a set of activity templates, many of which allow one to solve the model
tasks, but not help yourself to find solutions to non-standard issues. No wonder additional professional education is always based on the highest. In addition, the state
organization without the proper diploma for a job is not arranged – there are professional standards, she recalls. Yes, and the commercial sector is not yet ready completely to change the common beliefs about
necessary fundamental education. “Perhaps the best solution to this situation is the integration of efforts when teaching the theoretical foundations combined with exposure to real
business environment, where students undertake real-world projects, and gain experience in team work and management skills. A joint programme of universities with employers and training centres, they
really effective and allow graduates to enter the labour market is already prepared with basic skills and a portfolio of projects”, – believes Ms. Shikova.
Anton Fomin (“marvel-Distribution”):”Classical it education in universities is quite prestigious if you treat it as a Foundation”.
Anton Fomin (“marvel-Distribution”) ‘m sure the technical University gives the basis, logic and the ability to synthesize the knowledge acquired. Online courses and webinars give people
the information will be much harder to structure and use without the appropriate racks in the head, so the role of higher education in the whole current of his criticism should not be underestimated.
George Kozelets (OCS Distribution):”do Not bring about webinars – the text is read faster and is absorbed much deeper. Another thing is that good lyrics have forgotten how to write – instead, it turns out office or rambling proposals.”
At the same time, George Kozelets (OCS Distribution) believes that progress will trample and times webinars are all like, then they something good. At least the channels of perception
information more accurately. “I would like to emphasize the polarization in education – a talented, dedicated and seeking to be better, and the middle falls down somewhere. Smart become smarter, the rich
richer, larger grow – there is something to ponder!”, – exclaims g-n Kozelets.
Ivan Schetinin (HPE):”In connection with the penetration of it in an increasing number of spheres of activity of the it professionals have to take in related subjects. This is well illustrated by the example of the industrial Internet of things, where with some it skills, but without understanding the specifics of production, there is simply nothing to do.”
Ivan Schetinin (HPE) notes that today a very popular concept of “continuous learning” and “learning throughout life”. Perhaps it’s universities need to raise the profile of
natural and human components of the curriculum, but of course not at the expense of technical, says Mr. Shchetinin. “We see that leading institutions are actively sharing their content, thereby expanding
your audience and at the same time stimulating teachers to improve constantly, it’s one thing when one of your lectures only sees your thread, and the other – the world and other lecturers,” he says.
Sergey Khomyakov (Poly):”Remote format allows people with disabilities to receive a quality education, not always available to them in traditional educational institutions.”
Sergey Khomyakov (Poly) said that due to the rapid development of the services of online education, people from all over the world to fully immerse themselves in the learning process from the comfort of
home. And most importantly, now everyone can realize their potential and realize their ambitions, irrespective of financial, geographical and other factors.
Andrei Ershov (Technoserv):”First of all, is not so much a form of education as student motivation: if you were given education, it does not mean that you got it. Valuable are the knowledge that you were able to learn”.
Andrei Ershov (“the company”) is convinced that the base in the form of a good classical education is still important: without mathematics it is difficult to imagine a good programmer, without the full knowledge
the world will not work of system engineers and architects, and without a knowledge of physics is useless to teach electronics. The rest is just add-ons that are changing relatively fast along with
technology and people with basic education, learn them better and more productive. Digitization, of course, influences on technology in education, and the course content. Large
universities are already actively using it in the educational process. Webinars and online courses can be a good addition to the main course, but contact with a teacher is still important for
Anton Chekhonin (“NORBIT”):”the Rapid development of the Russian it market affects the demand for specialists. This demand formed a serious shortage of staff. The situation is exacerbated by the isolation of the theory from the requirements of it companies”.
Anton Chekhonin (“NORBIT”) says it is ready it professionals with appropriate qualifications, the company is chronically short, and therefore it is necessary to solve the problem on its own. “We have
corporate University, where both read about 15 courses; we send staff on external training for professional development. In addition, we launched a scholarship program in
Financial University, KSU, and SWSU,” says Mr. Chekhonin. In addition, the specialists of “NORBIT” read courses at the universities of Moscow and Kursk.
Pavel Anokhin (HP Inc.):”The quality of it education does not only depend on learning, but teaching methods”.
Pavel Anokhin (HP Inc.) notes that there is already a large number of universities where there are departments dedicated to various it destinations.
HP is actively involved in the development of education: the end of 2019 in the framework of the program HP Learning Studio in one of the Moscow schools created an educational class with innovative technology HP
including laptops, immersive technology, VR system, the possibilities for 3D printing and scanning facilities.
Boris Shcherbakov (Dell Technologies):”In my opinion, the optimal solution is to take the best from each format.”
Boris Shcherbakov (Dell Technologies) believes that despite a number of advantages (learning at a convenient time and in a convenient location, opportunities for adaptation of the course and speed
learning level of the student) of online education, it also has disadvantages (lack of socialization, live communication, group work in a real situation). It is therefore necessary to combine classical
format with technological novelties in the form of online courses, tests and materials for self-study.
Nikolay Marin (IBM):”Today we not only observed examples of a successful combination of traditional, online education and obtaining industry-relevant skills in the workplace and in the earlier stages of education, but also actively participate in this process.”
Nicholas Marin (IBM) is confident that online education is gaining more and more weight in the development of skills relevant to the it industry. It also makes a significant contribution to ensuring
opportunities for continuous education for experts with the development of the industry.
Vitaly Balanda (Reksoft):”I Can confidently say that the training really skilled the developer is at least five or six years: two to three (and preferably five) courses of a technical College for General engineering training and two to three years working on projects in the development of commercial software. In the history of its growth online education is an important part that needs to go on a proper engineering base”.
Vitaly Balanda (Reksoft) reminds that according to “Infoline-Analytics” the volume of the Russian market of online higher and professional education in 2018 exceeded 18 billion rubles, and
72% of them (about 13 billion rubles) accounted for additional professional education.
Journal: Journal IT-News [No. 03/2020], Subscription to magazines